The test is known as bone densitometry or dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). This non-invasive imaging procedure uses a very small dose of radiation to create pictures of the inside of the body in order to measure bone loss.
Essentially, it is a high-precision X-ray used to measure your bone mineral density. The bone scan is usually performed on the lower spine and hips, but some doctors choose to scan the entire body.
It is most often used to identify and diagnose osteoporosis, a condition that involves a gradual loss of bone, leading to a greater chance of fractures. It is more common in women, especially post-menopausal women than it is in men. However, about 5 percent of men over the age of 50 have osteoporosis as well.
A DEXA Scan bone density test may be recommended if you have risk factors for osteoporosis, which include:
- Age over 50
- Height and weight factors
- Cigarette smoking
- Alcohol use
- Conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, kidney disease, liver disease, diabetes, and thyroid disorders
- Recent fractures
DEXA Scan Bone Density Test Preparation and Results
Very little is required in the way of DEXA Scan bone density test preparation. As with any imaging techniques, you should tell us if you are pregnant or suspect that you may be pregnant prior to the test. You should also tell us about any surgeries you have had in the past, as well as any recent diagnostic exams you may have had for other conditions.
ON THE DAY OF THE EXAM, don’t wear jewelry, and you should wear loose, comfortable clothing. You may be asked to wear a gown depending on the area to be examined.
Don’t take calcium supplements for at least 24 hours prior to the exam.
If the bone density scan shows signs of osteoporosis, Dr. Feinstein will discuss further steps with you.
Osteoporosis Treatment And Injury Prevention Tips
- Strengthening muscles through safe exercises
- Maintaining a healthy diet that is conducive to bone health
- Eliminating unhealthy behaviors, such as smoking
- Using dietary supplements
Every body is different, so a health care plan will be created based on your individual needs and lifestyle.
FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE DEXA SCAN BONE DENSITY TEST, CONTACT OUR OFFICE, LOCATED ON TELEGRAPH ROAD IN SOUTHFIELD, MICHIGAN.